Disease and Climate Change Resulting from Deforestation

Forest covers 30 percent of the Earth’s landmass. However, growing industrial and agricultural deforestation is creating problems for the earth and its inhabitants. Two adverse impacts of deforestation are climate change and the proliferation of infectious diseases.

Forests, specifically trees, play a vital role in the global ecosystem. They prevent soil erosion and hold moisture in the soil through the shade the trees provide. They play a central role in the water cycle by returning water to the atmosphere. They also absorb and store compounds that contribute to greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide.

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